Build a Home Computer

Cost to buy individual components
Component Item Cost
CPU Intel i7-7700K 7th Gen 337
CPU Cooler Cooler Master Hyper 212 EVO RR-212E-20PK-R2 CPU Cooler with 120mm PWM Fan 24.99
Motherboard ASUS ROG Maximus IX Hero LGA1151 DDR4 DP HDMI M.2 USB 3.1 ATX Motherboard 224.99
Memory Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4 DRAM 3200MHz C16 Desktop Memory Kit 135.99
Storage HDD Seagate 4TB Enterprise Capacity HDD 7200RPM SATA 6Gbps 128 MB Cache Internal Bare Drive 164.06
Storage SSD Samsung 850 EVO - 120GB - 2.5-Inch SATA III Internal SSD (MZ-75E120B/AM) 94.99
Video Card EVGA 1080 ti 699.99
Case DeepCool TX Mid Tower TESSERACT SW 40.99
Power Supply EVGA 600 B1, 80+ BRONZE 600W, 3 Year Warranty, Includes FREE Power On Self Tester, Power Supply 100-B1-0600-KR 49.49
Monitor ASUS ROG SWIFT PG279Q 27" 2560x1440 IPS 165Hz 4ms G-SYNC Eye Care Gaming Monitor 799.00
Operating System Microsoft Windows 10 Home USB Flash Drive 109.98
Total Cost 2681.47

Parts Research

CPU

Motherboard

  • More money doesn't necessarily mean more performace
    • Boards are made for specific purposes and excel at those specific purposes
    • Examples, can have multiple video card slots, wifi, 3.0 USB ports etc.
    • Get a product designed for your use case
  • Compatibility checks
    • DDR3 vs DDR4 memory sockets
    • RAM Frequency supported
    • Video cards supported
      • Brand Specific?
      • Supports multiple cards?
        • Nvidia 2 way SLI compatible
  • Sources

Memory

  • DDR4 will not fit in the same socket a DDR3 fits and vice versa (backwards incompatible)
  • DDR4 supports higher memory densities (up to 16 GB)
  • DDR4 supports higher frequencies
  • DDR4 has a lower voltage requirement and thus requires less power
  • DDR3 was out 7 years before release of DDR4 and DDR4 released in 2014
    • DDR5 expected in 2021 then? (5 years from now)
  • To better future proof should go with DDR4
  • Frequency a measure of how fast data can be accessed to and from the RAM
    • Higher frequencies better
    • Need to make sure compatible with mother board
  • Terms
    • DDR = Double Data Rate
  • Sources

Storage

Hard Drive

  • IDE Hard drive or SATA Hard drive or PATA Hard drive
    • IDE old style
  • RPM speeds determine how fast data can be read off the hard drive
    • Standard speeds are 5400, 7200 or 10000 RPM
    • Big bottle neck for computing
  • Hard drive cache also important quality
    • 8 mb to 64 megabytes
    • temporary quick memory
  • Numbers pulled from a 4 year old video

Video Card

  • Multi video cards?
  • Common brands of Graphics cards
    • NVIDIA
      • Separated from the pack in terms of gaming by the precense of PhysX
      • Has their foothold in a much broader market
      • 2GB weaker for multimonitor setups
    • AMD
      • 3GB better for multimonitor setups
    • EVGA
  • Comparing video cards by specifications is misleading because a lot of their differenceces come from the architecture (ie. two cards both having 4GB video memory can have vastly different performance)
    • Better method of comparing cards is to look at benchmarks on the games interested in
  • Common Terms/Specifications
  • Sources

Case

Power Supply

Monitor

  • Most common size 24" but 27" is the common larger screen
    • 24" good resolution 1080 x 1920
    • 27" good resolution 1440 x 2560
  • For a 4k monitor get a 30"+ sized monitor
    • If using 4k make sure monitor and graphics card support hdmi 2.0 connection or display port 1.2
  • Panels TN vs IPS
    • TN: + cheap, + response times, - viewing angles, - color accuracy
    • IPS: + color accuracy, + viewing angles, - expensive, - response times, - IPS glow
  • Any refresh rate > 120 Hz you'll struggle to notice the difference
  • G-Sync is good but can only be used with an nvidia graphics card
  • Sources

Keyboard

Operating System