Physics Formula Sheet

Vectors

Breaking into Components

Vector Components

x component: Z_{x} = Zcos(\theta)
y component: Z_{y} = Zsin(\theta)

Magnitude and Angle from Components

Magnitude: |Z| = \sqrt{Z_{x}^2 + Z_{y}^{2}}
Angle: \theta = tan^{-1}(\frac{Z_{x}}{Z_{y}})